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the Fed is ‘a long way from our goals’ and tightening policy

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Richard Clarida, vice chairman of the US Federal Reserve, told CNBC on Wednesday that he believed the central bank should maintain its ultra-loose policies even if the US economy rushes back from its plunge in the pandemic.

In a “Close the bell“In the interview, Clarida said he expects the economy to grow nearly 7% for the full year, which would be the fastest pace since 1984.

He added that the The picture of jobs continues to improvebut there is still considerable progress to be made before the Fed is comfortable taking back all the help it has given since then Covid-19 ended the longest expansion in US history.

“We are still far from our goals and want to see actual progress in our new framework and not just forecast progress,” said Clarida.

Last year, when the economy was held back by efforts to fight the virus, the Fed passed a new strategy that would not raise interest rates in response to a tightening labor market. Instead, the Fed said it would allow inflation to get a little hot as long as the longer-term average is at its 2% target.

This has had a significant policy impact, as the Fed has continued to do Keep short-term lending rates close to zero and buys at least $ 120 billion worth of bonds every month. Clarida and colleagues have indicated that even if inflation warms up as expected in the coming months, policy will not change in current conditions.

“If we put unforeseen, sustained upward pressure on prices over the next year and beyond that would bring inflation to levels inconsistent with our mandate, we would use our tools to bring them down,” he said. “We don’t see overheating as a basis. Of course, there are risks in every outlook.”

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen, who chaired the Fed from 2014 to 2018, suggested this on Tuesday higher rates might be appropriate to protect the economy from overheating. Tax officials rarely offer views on interest rates, which is why the comments have caught the eye in the financial markets.

Later in the day she went back on those remarks and said she was not making any predictions or trying to give advice to the Fed. She added that she does not believe inflation will become a problem and believes the central bank can act if it does.

“She said she didn’t predict or give us any political predictions and I’ll take her at her word,” Clarida said.

He added that market prices have little fear of runaway inflation and that there is now both upside and downside risk to the economy.

As a result, he believes the Fed should hold its pace in buying assets even if its balance sheet approaches $ 8 trillion and an economy exists Publish growth figures rarely seen since the Great Depression.

“Remember, the shock was very severe, the hole was very deep,” he said. “Fast growth is actually welcome when you have eight and a half million Americans who are out of jobs like they were 13 months ago.”

Other Fed officials share their views

Clarida’s remarks came on a busy day for Fed spokesmen.

Central bank officials primarily stuck to the script, as reflected in the statement following last week’s meeting and the chairman Jerome PowellComments afterwards at his press conference.

For the most part, you are seeing a rapidly improving economy that will come with short-term inflationary pressures that are unlikely to last. Current policies are likely to remain in place unless conditions change significantly – mainly that the expected rise in inflation will be due to simple comparisons to last year’s anemic levels and some blockages in the supply chain that will eventually improve .

Charles Evans, president of the US Federal Reserve in Chicago, said he expected the policy “will remain accommodative for some time.” He believes that inflation will remain low mainly because expectations, which he sees as the main driving force, also remain subdued.

Likewise, Boston Fed President Eric Rosengren said the current level of politics was appropriate. He cautioned, however, that “policymakers need to be vigilant” when looking for signs of inflation, especially wages and prices, which respond to improving labor market conditions.

Despite the optimistic outlook on inflation, Fed Governor Michelle Bowman believes that gross domestic product may grow faster and unemployment may fall faster than the Fed’s current outlook suggests. However, it assumes that inflation will remain tame and considers current central bank policy to be appropriate.

Cleveland Fed President Loretta Mester also said my forecast carries “upside risks” but added that she “will be deliberately patient unless there is clear evidence that inflationary pressures are driving inflation.” will transcend our desired path “.

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Robert Dunfee